Anterior Posterior Vaginal Wall Repair for Pelvic Organ Prolapse 1
When the muscles and ligaments supporting a woman’s pelvic organs weaken, the pelvic organs can slip out of place (prolapse). Pelvic organ prolapse can worsen over time and you may need surgery to fix it. This is due to the fact that the muscles of the perineum, the group of supporting muscles located below the low part of the vaginal opening become thin and the mid-line begins to deviate, thus leading to a weakened, poorly supportive, thinned out perennial body.
The cause of pelvic wall relaxation is a weakening of the pelvic support structures (see the illustration below). The pelvic organs include the vagina, uterus, bladder, and the rectum. These organs are kept in place with the help of 3 support systems from muscles, ligament sheets and fascia. During the course of childbirth, as the baby journeys through the birth canal, these supports become damaged and tend to become weakened. This weakening increasingly worsens, and further on down the line, may cause the pelvic organs to shift from their normal positions.
The underlying cause of pelvic support faults or defects are:
Birth trauma such as multiple vaginal deliveries
Difficult or prolonged deliveries (the use of forceps)
Aging (lack of estrogen resulting from menopause)
Tearing or cutting of the vaginal opening for delivery
Chronic constipation and stress (affecting bowel movement)
After a hysterectomy, as it needs the cutting or damaging various pelvic floor muscles including the ligaments and tissues supporting the upper vagina around the cervix
Every once in a while, the weakening of the muscles and tissues of the vaginal wall can occur to women who have never birthed a child. In these women, the underlying cause(s) may be:
Anterior Posterior Vaginal Wall Repair is a surgery for the loss of optimal structural integrity of the anterior and the posterior walls of the vagina, resulting in different organs around the vaginal walls pushing and forming a bulge into the vagina or the vaginal opening.
Because of technological advances, gynecology procedures involving the use of laser have been utilized in anterior-posterior vaginal repair. Advantages of laser over old, conventional scalpel procedure include: less blood loss, little or less risk of vessel and tissue damage, precise and accurate surgical wound control, and quicker recovery time and better overall results
There are 4 methods of correcting prolapse of the vagina as follows.
1) The Kegel exercise is safe but would have to take 6 months until results would show, and does not guarantee full effectiveness.
2) The posterior vaginal repair is the procedure to narrow the diameter of the vagina which results to a smaller and tighter vaginal canal and opening. However, this procedure also has its limitations in patients with multiple deliveries.
3) The Anterior and Posterior Vaginal Repair is the surgical repair of pelvic prolapse by entailing the surgical removal of excess anterior and posterior vaginal tissues as well as bladder and rectum prolapse, thereby correcting the prolapse, at the same time tightening the vagina.
4) The Incisionless Laser Vaginal Tightening is a new trend of innovation to the Cosmetic Gynecology for mild to moderate pelvic prolapse, this procedure has limitations and cannot guarantee the results and satisfaction. After the procedure you will experience less pain and no bleeding, compared with the surgical or incision laser method. The post-operative care is only refraining from sexual intercourse for 1-2 weeks after the procedure.
Anterior Vaginal Wall Prolapse
Posterior Vaginal Wall Prolapse